The Early Modern Historian Badge
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I chose Queen Elizabeth I as my early modern subject. Being Queen of England for 45 years, she had great influence on many aspects of the English world. Elizabeth was also a large patron of the arts, widely known for her involvement in Shakespeare’s career. While she may not have given her patronage to other poets and writers, she fostered an environment in which artists could thrive. She also wrote herself, and many of her writings still exist today.

The Armada Badge

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To my dearest family,
I hope to find you all well, as I am. I have such news for you! I have seen our Good Queen speak! Just days past she came and spoke to us troops here at Tilbury. She has proven herself once again. I have heard whispers from others who have meet her and seen her that she is a power to behold, and she is. Though she be a woman, she is powerful and knowledgeable. She is inspiring! She is one with us in this fight against the Catholic Spanish, and she aboselty has the heart of a King! I have never seen the Queen before, yet there she was, speaking to all of us! Long Live Good Queen Bess!
Now, of the Battle itself. Bear in mind that this tale is much better told in person, but still a fearsome one…

The Thomas More Badge

My Dear Old Friend and King,
Where ever did we go wrong? I had always thought us two close enough to respectfully disagree on things. You have always known me to be a devout Catholic, as you were once. We criticized Martin Luther together, for his blasphemous ideas. You have always known me to stay true to my beliefs, and so I have and so I will, even if it will be the death of me. I have always been against the Reformation, and I remind you, you were once too. My friend, I never meant to offend you, I have just always stayed true to my God, which is why I am unable to recognize any but Catherine of Aragon as your one true wife. As grateful as I was to be your Lord Chancellor, I resigned with your permission in order to not cause any trouble. I wish you nothing but happiness in the rest of your life, and hope that Our Lord Savior will accept you into heaven when it is your time.
Your ever-faithful servant,
Thomas More

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This is a map of my Utopia. It is focused on what I like, and what I would like in my utopia.


My mother may call me a pessimist, but I firmly believe that a utopia cannot exist in this world. So if I were ever to come across More’s utopia, I would be very skeptical. As much as I would like to believe that utopia’s may be possible at some point in the future, I just do not believe they can work on a wide scale. So if I were ever to come across a utopia in my own life, I would not trust it.




The Pentangle Badge

The pentangle on the shield is a very important symbol. A pentangle has 5 points, which can represent multiple different groups of five. The author points out many of the representations of the five points; such as the five sense, five wounds of Christ, his five fingers on his sword hand. The five point represent the five values of Christian knighthood; friendship, generosity, chastity, courtesy, and piety. The five points of the pentangle also represent the five virtues of a knight that are discussed in the text: generosity, purity, courtesy, compassion and love of fellow men. These five are very similar to that of the five virtues of Christian knighthood, but they are not exactly the same. They are all connected, which is shown with the pentangle, which is made of an endless line. The origin of the pentangle is given to King Solomon, a figure of the Christian religion. His shield also has an image of Mary on the inside, to remind himself to be true to her and to his faith.

Sir Gawain's Pentangle:
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Anglo Saxon [Beowulf]
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Anglo Norman [Lanval]
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The Green Knight Badge

Within the story, the Green Knight is clearly one of the characters that is considered the “Other.” Not only is he described as being physically different, he clearly demanded attention when he entered. He has very luxurious clothing, which is all the color green. He enters the hall, demanding to see and speak to the King. This is immediately very odd because it is not something that people typically do. He offers up a game, with an important lesson with it. While at first his game seems violent and cruel, by the end of the poem we know that he had a lesson to teach with his game.

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While it may not be a single object, I think it’s important to think about how the Green Knight is wearing all green. He green attire sets him apart from the rest of the characters in the story, and sets him up as the “other.” For the reader, it sets him apart and tells the reader to pay attention to him. His green attire also shows his connection with nature. He is a supernatural character, which connects him to nature on a level that does not happen with other characters
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An axe is clearly important to the story of the Green Knight. When the game is first introduced, it is an axe that Gawain uses to take his strike against the Green Knight. At the end of the tale, when Gawain must pay up and take the Knight’s strike, the Green Knight uses an axe as well.
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The Girdle is also important item in this tale. The girdle is involved with both the first and second game of the tale. Gawain does not give up the girdle after the second game as he should, and the Green Knight calls him out on it. Gawain feels incredibly guilty, but the Green Knight feels he has made his point with the girdle and his game.
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“This giant bursts in and rides through the hall, Approaching the high dais, disdainful of peril, Greeting none, but haughtily looking over their heads, The first words he spoke, “Where is,” he demanded, “The governor of this crowd?” (221-225).
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“The Green Knight readily takes up his position, Bowed his head a little, uncovering the flesh, His long lovely hair swept over his head, In readiness letting the naked neck show. Gawain grasped the axe and lifts it up high” (417-421).
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“The knight kept his distance, and rested on his axe, Set the shaft on the ground and leaned on the blade, Contemplating the man before him in the glade, Seeing how valiant, fearlessly bold he stood there Armed and undaunted, he admired him much” (2330-2335).

Beowulf Badge

Beowulf, the main character of the epic tale Beowulf, is an Anglo-Saxon warrior. He is brave, and courageous, as well as strong and honorable. Beowulf was a Geat, though most of his tale takes place in what we now call Denmark. He helps King Hrothgar with his problem with Grendel, and in turn, with Grendel’s Mother. By the end of the tale, Beowulf has become king, and he is a wise king. Beowulf fought against monsters and defeated them to become a hero, and was able to be a great king as well.

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This image is of when Beowulf is awaken in the hall by Grendel. Beowulf is shown as muscular and and a large man. He is unarmed, though he does not look afraid because this is what his plan was. On the other side, Grendel is clearly caught off-guard, and is in pain from Beowulf's grasp on his wrist.

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This is an artists rendition of what Beowulf might have looked like. He is often depicted as being blonde because he comes from Geatland, which is modern day Scandinavia, where people are known for being blonde. He is shown wearing armor that we recognize today, and represents the fact that he is a warrior. There is a large possibility that the armor is historically inaccurate.

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This image is a visual representation of when Beowulf kills Grendel's Mother and takes Grendel's head back to Hrothgar. This image shows him as a victorious warrior, showing of his dead enemy's head. The way he is drawn shows his strength.

How to Be Beowulf