Earn 'The Other' Badge


1. Beowulf – Grendel
Lanval – Fairy Queen
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight – Green Knight
Sir Orfeo – Fairy King

In Beowulf, Grendel is the obvious ‘Other’ in the epic-poem. He is excluded from human society for his deformities and differences. He does possess human traits but he doesn’t act the way he is supposed to in Anglo-Saxon civilization. Because of that he is excluded from the mead hall, which then leans to him killing people.

In Lanval, the Fairy Queen is the ‘Other’. She is more beautiful than any other maiden out there and because of that Lanval loves her almost instantly. She is also wealthy and seems to have the ability to travel to wherever she needs to be. Also she asks Lanval to keep their love a secret, most likely because of the fact that she is different.

In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the Green Knight is the obvious ‘Other’ as well. It’s know almost instantly to the readers due to the fact that he is entirely green, his hair, skin, clothes, even his horse is green. It is made even more evident when Gawain chops his head off and he just picks it up and walks out of the hall as if nothing happened.

In Sir Orfeo, the Fairy King is the ‘Other’. He visits Queen Eurydice in a dream one day and tells her he is going to kill her and bring her to the Underworld. It’s obvious he is different because he appears to Eurydice in a dream but also due to the fact that he brings her to a place with a bunch of messed of people, in the Underworld.

2. I’d imagine when taking Grendel to lunch he’d be very upset and mad. After being excluded from society for long, he has a reason to be angry. Especially when he was rejected by the mead hall for being different. He might discuss how much he hates Heorot and King Hrothgar and especially Beowulf for ripping his arm off. He might also talk about how protective his mother is of him.

Going to lunch with the Green Knight would be interesting. He would probably want to play a game. I’d imagine he’d be very lively and happy, also very self-confident. He might discuss how he managed to trick one of the knights of King Arthur’s round table into chopping off his neck, only to survive.

Lastly, having lunch with the Fairy Queen would also be interesting. I’d imagined she’d be very pampered by her lady servants. She might talk about how she has a secret lover but is not allowed to reveal it.


3. Harry Potter Series – Lord Voldemort
Divergent Series – Tris Prior
Frozen – Elsa
The Wizard of Oz – the Wicked Witch
Spider Man – Peter Parker
Forest Gump – Forest Gump
Breaking Dawn – Renesmee
The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones – Valentine Morgenstern
House of Night Series – Zoey
The Little Mermaid – Ursula

Earn 'Doctor Faustus' Badge


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2. Three alternatives that Doctor Faustus could have done to save his soul:
1) One thing that Faustus could have done to save himself was turn to God. From the beginning of the text Faustus was always unsure if he should turn his back away from him, or else that good angel would have never appeared. He knew it was wrong to fraternize with Lucifer but he did anyways. At the end he knows selling his soul was wrong. He if ended up repenting his sins and asking God for forgiveness, he could have save himself.
2) Another thing that Faustus could have done was never turn to dark magic in the first place. At the beginning of the text he talks about all of the types of fields he studied but didn’t enjoy any of them. He could have chosen one of those and stuck to it and found that it did have power. Plus, if he’d chosen one of those fields he wouldn’t have had to sell his soul to Lucifer and he could have saved himself.
3) Lastly another thing that Faustus could have done to was just turn down Mephastophilis offer in the first place. Mephastophilis tempted Faustus the entire time, offering him power and magic and himself as a servant. But Faustus knew he shouldn’t but he went against his gut and because of it he lost his soul to the devil.

Earn 'Beowulf' Badge


1.Beowulf is the hero in the epic-poem, Beowulf. He is known in the stories for his strength, courage, and honor. In this text, he asked to come to Heorot by King Hrothgar because he owes the king for something the king did for his father years ago. His task while at Heorot is to kill Grendel, the monster who’s been terrorizing the king’s people. He is the only one who knows that the only way to defeat Grendel is without a weapon, but with his bare hands. In their first encounter, Beowulf manages to tears his arm off, which does weaken him. After he manages to do that, Grendel’s mother then comes and starts to get revenge for her son’s injury. Once she kidnaps one of Hrothgar’s men, he asks Beowulf to kill her as well. Beowulf manages to kill Grendel’s mother and then make sure that Grendel is dead. After that he ends up becoming the king of Geatland, in his old age. His final moment, is slaying a dragon before he, himself dies. He is a heroic warrior and an honorable king.

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This image depicts Beowulf as the strong warrior he is as he rips Grendel's arm off. It shows the strength and power he has over the beasts he battle's. It also shows how he doesn't need a sword to defeat, Grendel, only his bare hands. I think that this is an accurate depiction of Beowulf and as it happened in the original text.

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This photograph is from a film adaptation of Beowulf. The actor who plays Beowulf in this movie is much younger than a lot of the other actors I saw. He still portrays his strength as a warrior and looks like a hero. He looks similar to the photograph above, except for the fact that he hasn't battle Grendel or Grendel's mother in this photograph.

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This picture depicts Beowulf in his old age as a king. It no longer shows him as a strong warrior but as a tired one. You can see he no longer holds himself the same way he did in the previous portraits. He looks weak and like he wouldn't be able to fight anymore. If this is what he actually looked like in the text, it makes me wonder how he was able to defeat a dragon at this age.

3. https://snapguide.com/guides/be-beowulf-35/#published

Earn 'Grendel's Mother' Badge


1. Grendel’s mother was one of the main characters in the text of Beowulf. She was obviously the mother of Grendel, who was terrorizing Heorot, a mead hall run by King Hrothgar. She is described in the text to possess even less human emotions than her son Grendel and looks like something that’s walked right out of the swamp, almost snake like. She is very protective of her son and after he comes back to their home, with his arm ripped off by Beowulf, she goes after him for vengeance. She ends up capturing one of Hrothgar’s men and takes Grendel’s arm with her as well, escaping before the warriors can kill her. Beowulf is asked to go after her and he does, which is how Grendel’s mother dies, her neck is sliced open with a giant sword made only for giants. Despite her end, she was a very feared monster and was like any mother, overprotective of her child.

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These three photos represent different interpretations of Grendel’s mothers. The first one on the left is what I assumed the writer of Beowulf pictured her to look like or at least what an artist could interpret from the text. The amphibian creature is creepy and looks like she could live in a swamp-like area. The middle picture is from the 2007 film adaption of Beowulf where Angelina Jolie plays Grendel’s mother. In this picture she looks more of like a seductress than a monster. This representation of her is very inaccurate to the original text for she looks way too much like a human. She did come out of the swamp, which might be the only similarity between the text but other than that it’s not a very accurate depiction of her. The last picture on the right is much different that the first two. She doesn’t possess any amphibian-like qualities and in fact she looks more of a beast. I think that this portrait also doesn’t do her justice when comparing her to the original text. This type of creature doesn’t seem like it could survive swimming to the bottom of a swamp. However, this depiction of her does seem a lot more powerful and stronger than the first two.

3. https://snapguide.com/guides/be-a-mom-to-grendel-2/#published

Earn 'Armada' Badge


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2. Dear family,

I just witnessed one of the most inspirational speeches of my life from the Queen herself. I was stationed at Tilbury and as we were preparing for the possibility of incoming Spanish ships, when Elizabeth rode through all of us, the troops that is, dressed in her own armor. She informed us that she trusted us, her people, even though other’s feared that we’d be disloyal to her. But she knew that we’d never go against her, so heavily that she knew even God believed in us. She let us know that she understood that she was just a woman but she said that wouldn’t stop her from leading like a king or allowing any leader from Spain to invade our territory. She said that she would fight with us and that she would be our general if she could, which was very honorable, even if it really isn’t possible because she is the queen. She informed us that while she couldn’t be on the field she instead gave us her best general to lead us to victory. But she promised that she would reward us for every one of our victories on the field. It made me want to fight even more and earn rewards for you and myself, to make our lives better. Hopefully, I’ll be home soon family but until then, I’ll be fighting for our country and for Queen Elizabeth.

Earn 'Early Modern Historian' Badge


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Shakespeare is still one the most important writers today. He had a major influence on Early Modern Literature because his plays were and still “are foundational works of Western culture; in the English-speaking world they have influenced subsequent literary culture more broadly, and more deeply than other group of texts except the books of the Bible,” (791). His writings, “the language and imagery of the plays; their way of telling stories; their innovative dramatic qualities; the characters that populate them (and the way these characters are created); the issues and ideas the plays explore (and the ways in which they explore them),” (791), have all had major impacts on both literature and culture since the eighteenth century. His plays have even been the most created into an actual production for the stage more than any other play writer’s work. His actual plays are really know for “his choice of individual words and his inventiveness in conjuring up striking images; in structuring of the rhythm of poetic lines; in balancing sentences rhetorically; in shaping long speeches; and in crafting sparkling dialogue,” (791). His plays were also very easy to connect with because of the fact that they often dealt with a lot of typical human emotions. It also helps that he managed to write over thirty-seven plays, the majority of them, which became very popular. All of these reasons are why he had such an influence on Early Modern Literature.

Works Cited:
"William Shakespeare." The Broadview Anthology of British Literature. 2nd ed. Vol. A. Canada: Broadview, 2012. 791-96. Print.

Earn the 'Memphistopheles' Badge


1. Mephistopheles from Doctor Faustus is a servant to Lucifer, who is the king of the Underworld. He will spend his eternity in hell. He claims that even though he is allowed to leave hell every once in awhile, he is still in it because he lost his connection with God. He is the character in the text that tempted Faustus to complete the contract with Lucifer and sell his soul. He then offers to become Faustus’s servant for twenty-four years.

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These three photographs are the ones I choose to represent Mephistopheles. The reason I choose these three is because they are all a little different but there are also some similarities. The first photograph on the left, make Mephistopheles almost seem more powerful than he is. He is almost depicted as the devil, with the horns, wings, claws and fire surrounding him. Whereas the photograph in the middle he looks more like a satyr, from Greek mythology. The middle picture is how I pictured him when reading the text because, he doesn’t look took powerful and he looks sneakier. Plus, having the satyr look also makes him look more as if he belongs in a supernatural place, such as the underworld. The last picture on the rest is much different than the other two. He doesn’t look like any type of supernatural creature but instead a human. However, he looks like a very despicable and devious man, who does seem like he could trick another person into signing a contract to sell their soul.

3. https://snapguide.com/guides/be-mephastophilis/#published

Earn the 'Green Knight' Badge

1. The Green Knight is an ‘Other’, or in others words different. From the very moment he enters the text, it’s obvious that he is a supernatural. He is described as huge, almost giant-like. He is also green, his hue, his clothes, even his horse is green, which is obviously unnatural. He’s a very bold character; not only because of his appearance but also because of the way he acts. He rides into King Arthur’s court and then asks who is the leader in the court. Both of these acts are somewhat disrespectful, riding into someone’s court on a horse, and then asking whom the king is because he should know. He then goes on to ask to play a game. He says he’ll allow someone to take a swing at him but only if he can repay the favor. Gawain ends up taking on his challenged and cuts of his neck. The Green Knight is unaffected and just picks up his neck, proving even more that he is a supernatural. The Green Knight also ends up being quite sneaky. He is the one who sends Lady Bertilak to hit on Gawain every day to test him. In the end though even though the Green Knight seemed villainous, it turns out he really isn’t a villain. He only wanted to test Gawain and never does repay the favor of cutting his neck off as well.

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This ax represents the Green Knights power and dominance. He walks into King Arthur's court holding an ax, which most people would presume as a threat. The ax ends up being his power in the court because it's what he uses for his game. The ax is what has the ability to hurt Gawain, if he does indeed inflict pain on the Green Knight. The ax then ends up becoming the reason Gawain must go an meet the Green Knight a year from then so that he is able to repay the favor of cutting Gawain's neck off.

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The green girdle is another object the represents the Green Knight. Even though it is unknown to the reader until near the end of the story, the girdle is an object the Green Knight imposed on Gawain. He gave it to his wife, Lady Bertilak, who was asked to try and get Gawain to sleep with her. Gawain never did give into her pleas but once she told him that this green girdle had the power to save him he couldn't help but accept it. This green girdle once again shows the Green Knights power. He was behind his wife trying to sleep with Gawain to test him and he basically passed the test, except for accepting the girdle.
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Although not an object, the Green Chapel, is a place the represents the Green Knight. Not only is it where the knight asks Gawain to meet him a year later for their deal, but it ends up not even being a chapel, instead only a mound covered in grass. It also is the Green Knights home and becomes the place where he tells Gawain that he passed the the test. It also follows in the theme of green.

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“‘What, is this Arthur’s house?’ said the man then, ‘That everyone talks of in some many kingdoms? Where are now your arrogance and your victories, your fierceness and wrath and your great speeches?’” (“Sir Gawain and the Green Knight,” ll. 309-12).

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“Yet the man neither staggered nor fell a whit for all that, but sprang forward vigorously on powerful legs, and fiercely reached out where knights were standing, grabbed at his fine head and snatched it up quickly, and then strides to his horse,” (“Sir Gawain and the Green Knight,” ll. 430-34).

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“‘Gawain,’ said the green man, ‘may God protect you! You are indeed welcome, sir, to my place; you have timed your journey as a true man should, and you know the agreement settled between us,” (“Sir Gawain and the Green Knight,” ll. 2239-42).

Works Cited
"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight." The Broadview Anthology of British Literature. Ed. Joseph Black. 2nd ed. Vol. A. Ontario: Broadview, 2012. 160-224. Print.